Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid temporary cash investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company has $2,000 and $2,000 in cash equivalents, respectively.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Estimates may include those pertaining to stock-based compensation, depreciable lives of fixed assets and deferred tax assets. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.
Accounts receivable are recorded at fair value on the date revenue in recognized. The Company provides allowances for doubtful accounts by specific customer identification. If market conditions decline, actual collections may not meet expectations and may result in decreased cash flow and increased bad debt expense. Once collection efforts by the Company and its collection agency are exhausted, the determination for charging off uncollectible receivables is made.
Balance Labs, Inc. and subsidiaries use the equity method to account for their financial interest in the following company:
a) Balance Labs Inc., is a 44.20% and 44.44% owner of iGrow Systems Inc., as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
The Company has a non controlling interest in iGrow Systems, Inc., a Limited Partnership Corporation formed to develop a rapid plant growing device. Some of the members participate in the project which is under the general management of the members. Summary information on the joint venture follows:
The Company’s portion of the net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $24,657. The Company also contributed capital to the joint venture of $29,500 during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Concentrations and Credit Risk
One customer provided 100% of revenues during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
We also have a concentration in Accounts Receivable of 100% due from this one customer as of December 31, 2018.
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted FASB ASC 606, which is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that requires revenue to be recognized in a manner to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received in exchange for those goods or services. The Company considers revenue realized or realizable and earned when all the five following criteria are met: (1) Identify the Contract with a Customer, (2) Identify the Performance Obligations in the Contract, (3) Determine the Transaction Price, (4) Allocate the Transaction Price to the Performance Obligations in the Contract, and (5) Recognize Revenue When (or As) the Entity Satisfies a Performance Obligation. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported under the previous accounting standards. There was no impact to revenues as a result of applying ASC 606.
The Company recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of items that have been included or excluded in the financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined on the basis of the difference between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their respective financial reporting amounts (“temporary differences”) at enacted tax rates in effect for the years in which the temporary differences are expected to reverse.
The Company adopted the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 740-10, which prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.
Management has evaluated and concluded that there are no material tax positions requiring recognition in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2019. The Company does not expect any significant changes in its unrecognized tax benefits within twelve months of the reporting date. The Company’s 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 tax returns remain open for audit for Federal and State taxing authorities.
The Company’s policy is to classify assessments, if any, for tax related interest as interest expense and penalties as general and administrative expenses in the statement of operations.
When the fair value of an investment is indeterminable, the Company accounts for its investments that are under 20% of the total equity outstanding using the cost method. For investments in which the Company holds between 20-50% equity and is non-controlling are accounted for using the equity method. For any investments in which the Company holds over 50% of the outstanding stock, the Company consolidates those entities into their condensed consolidated financial statements herein. The Company holds two investments on its Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2019. Our investment in Bang Holdings Corp., is recorded at fair value on March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. On November 9, 2018, the Company acquired a non-controlling interest in iGrow Systems Inc. This investment is recorded on our balance sheet using the equity method.
The Company adopted ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments – Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities.” ASU 2016-01 requires equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting, or those that result in consolidation of the investee) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income, requires public business entities to use the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes, requires separate presentation of financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form of financial asset, and eliminates the requirement for public business entities to disclose the method(s) and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value that is required to be disclosed for financial instruments measured at amortized cost. The Company has evaluated the potential impact this standard may have on the condensed consolidated financial statements and determined that it had a significant impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements. Since the Company accounts for its investment in Bang Holdings, Corp. as available-for-sale securities, the fair value of the securities from the prior year has been reclassified to Retained Earnings from Other Accumulated Comprehensive Income. The unrealized gain on the available-for-sale securities during the three months ended March 31, 2019 has been recorded in Other Income on the Income Statement.
Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. As of March 31, 2019, the carrying value of marketable securities was $235,000, which consist of common shares held in one (1) investment which currently is trading on the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB). The Company has classified this investment as a Level 3 asset on the fair value hierarchy because the investment is valued using unobservable inputs, due to the fact that observable inputs are not available, or situations in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability at the measurement date.
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the Company and its wholly owned corporate subsidiaries (Balance Labs LLC., from October 12, 2015, Balance AgroTech Co., from July 11, 2016, Advanced Auto Tech Co., from May 10, 2016, Balance Cannabis Co., from May 13, 2016, and Balance Medical Marijuana Co from December 22, 2015, and our 51% majority owned subsidiary KryptoBank Co. All intercompany transactions are eliminated. The Company’s four subsidiaries, Balance AgroTech Co., Advanced AutoTech Co., Balance Cannabis Co., and Balance Medical Marijuana Co. are dormant. The Company has a non-controlling interest in iGrow Systems Inc., which is not included in this consolidation.
Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share
Basic and diluted income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares and warrants from convertible debentures outstanding during the periods. The effect of 2,920,000 warrants and 2,610,925 shares from convertible notes payable for the months ended March 31, 2018 are dilutive and are included in the diluted income per share calculation. The effect of 700,000 and 2,220,000 warrants and 2,845,565 and 0 shares from convertible notes payable for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, were anti-dilutive.
The Company measures the cost of services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the fair value of the award. For employees, the fair value of the award is measured on the grant date and for non-employees, the fair value of the award is generally re-measured on vesting dates and financial reporting dates until the service period is complete. The fair value amount is then recognized over the period during which services are required to be provided in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period. Awards granted to directors are treated on the same basis as awards granted to employees.
The Company has computed the fair value of warrants granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The expected term used for warrants is the contractual life. Since the Company’s stock has not been publicly traded for a sufficiently long period, the Company is utilizing an expected volatility figure based on a review of the historical volatilities, over a period of time, equivalent to the expected life of the instrument being valued, of similarly positioned public companies within its industry. The risk-free interest rate was determined from the implied yields from U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bonds with a remaining term consistent with the expected term of the instrument being valued.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company measures its financial assets and liabilities in accordance with GAAP. For certain of our financial instruments, including cash, accounts payable, and the short-term portion of long-term debt, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to their short maturities.
We adopted accounting guidance for financial and non-financial assets and liabilities (ASC 820). This standard defines fair value, provides guidance for measuring fair value and requires certain disclosures. This standard does not require any new fair value measurements, but rather applies to all other accounting pronouncements that require or permit fair value measurements. This guidance does not apply to measurements related to share-based payments. This guidance discusses valuation techniques, such as the market approach (comparable market prices), the income approach (present value of future income or cash flow), and the cost approach (cost to replace the service capacity of an asset or replacement cost). The guidance utilizes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. The following is a brief description of those three levels:
The following table presents certain assets of the Company’s measured and recorded at fair value on the Company’s balance sheet on a recurring basis and their level within the fair value hierarchy as of March 31, 2019.
The following table presents certain assets of the Company’s measured and recorded at fair value on the Company’s balance sheet on a recurring basis and their level within the fair value hierarchy as of December 31, 2018.
The following is a reconciliation of the level 3 Assets:
The Company operates in one segment and therefore segment information is not presented.
Advertising, Marketing and Promotional Costs
Advertising, marketing and promotional expenses are expensed as incurred and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, advertising, marketing and promotion expense was $312 and $261, respectively.
Property and equipment
Property and equipment consists of furniture and office equipment and is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is determined by using the straight-line method for furniture and office equipment, over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, generally three to five years.
Expenditures for repairs and maintenance of equipment are charged to expense as incurred. Major replacements and betterments are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful lives of the related assets.
Property and equipment as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consisted of the following:
Depreciation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 totaled $69 and $3,536 respectively. There were no additions during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Intangible Assets as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consisted of the following:
There were no additions to Intangible Assets during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Certain 2019 amounts have been reclassified for comparative purposes to conform to the fiscal 2018 presentation. These reclassifications have no impact on the previously reported net loss.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company has evaluated all new accounting standards that are in effect and may impact its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting standards that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which will amend current lease accounting to require lessees to recognize (i) a lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis, and (ii) a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. ASU 2016-02 does not significantly change lease accounting requirements applicable to lessors; however, certain changes were made to align, where necessary, lessor accounting with the lessee accounting model. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2019. After reviewing of this ASU we have determined it will have no impact on our results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.
The Company adopted ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments – Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities.” ASU 2016-01 requires equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting, or those that result in consolidation of the investee) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income, requires public business entities to use the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes, requires separate presentation of financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form of financial asset, and eliminates the requirement for public business entities to disclose the method(s) and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value that is required to be disclosed for financial instruments measured at amortized cost. The Company has evaluated the potential impact this standard may have on the condensed consolidated financial statements and determined that it had a significant impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements. Since the Company accounts for its investment in Bang Holdings, Corp. as available-for-sale securities, the fair value from of the securities from the prior year has been reclassified to Retained Earnings from Other Accumulated Comprehensive Income. The unrealized gain on the available-for-sale securities during the three months ended March 31, 2019 has been recorded in Other Income on the Income Statement.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef